ULD CARE

The DO’s of ULD Handling

21.04.2016

The DO’s of ULD Handling

The DO’s of ULD Handling

Modern psychology tells us time and again that it’s far far better to provide positive rather than negative reinforcements for any required practices and it seems sensible enough that this would also apply to any aspect of ULD operations. It is of course somewhat easier to come up with a list of DONT’s:  Don’t use a forklift, Do not drop the container, Don’t stack the container, etc.  and the list goes on and on… Ironically, the industry has been marking containers with DO NOT FORKLIFT signs for years with little enough in the way of results to show from it.

As an initiative to support the use of positive messages on the subject of ULD operations to the industry at large, ULD CARE has created a list which contains two Top Level Requirements, 11 Secondary Requirements and about 50 Detailed Implementation Requirements, which are included at the end of this article in a table format, please feel free to incorporate any of this content into any of your guidance material, operating manuals and training materials.

You might be asking yourself if such an approach can make any difference.  ULD CARE believes the answer is yes, not only because this kind of approach has not really been put into practice previously but also because there are examples of airlines where a highly disciplined approach to ULD operations can and does lead to greatly reduce damage and greatly increase safety.

It is also worthwhile to suggest that this list might be well used alongside the recently announced IATA ULD Safety Campaign, with its video and posters.  The downloadable poster artwork can work well together with this list of DO’s, providing a level of best practice guidance that the industry has not seen before.

 

Top Level  Requirement

Secondary Requirement

Detailed Implementation Requirement

DO respect that ULD are aircraft parts, to be used according to written procedures  and only  in serviceable condition

 

 

 

DO  inspect all ULD for damage before commencing build up

 

 

 

DO inspect all parts of the ULD before use for any damage

 

 

DO refer to ODLN or other manufacturers data for information on maximum allowed damage

 

 

DO carry out any temporary repair only if allowed by airline procedures

 

 

DO identify any unserviceable ULD as damaged and store separately from serviceable ULD

 

 

DO inspect ULD for damaged hand ( pull) straps

 

DO  follow required procedure during ULD build up

 

 

 

DO apply  ULD limits of contour limits and Centre of Gravity limits

 

 

DO apply aircraft limits for Max Gross Weight, area load and running load

 

 

DO apply cargo straps for any item which by weight or configuration requires individual restraint

 

 

DO close  and lock container doors securely

 

 

Do position and tighten pallet net correctly

 

DO carry out final ship side visual serviceability check before loading ULD to aircraft

 

DO carry out ULD ground handling without damage to the ULD

 

 

 

DO carry out any ULD storage operations such that ULD are protected from damage

 

 

 

DO store built up ULD on dollies or racking equipped with rollers/ball mats and of appropriate size/configuration

 

 

DO store empty ULD on dollies or racking or on a temporary basis only in a designated storage area on spacers on the ground or stacked maximum 2 high

 

 

 

 

 

DO store cargo nets individually in bags and protected from dirt, moisture and UV

 

 

DO position cargo nets permanently attached to pallets towards the centre of the pallet with all loose net inside the pallet periphery

 

 

DO roll up, store and protect  cargo straps from dirt, moisture and UV

 

DO carry out temporary storage of ULD outside of racking according to procedures to protect the ULD from damage

 

 

 

DO temporarily store ULD in a designated storage area, safe from damage by vehicles, GSE, wind and jet blast etc.

 

 

DO place spacers underneath any container being placed at ground level or stacked on another container

 

 

DO only stack containers 2 high

 

 

DO provide proper supervision of temporary ULD storage

 

DO carry out ULD movement and transport operations such that ULD are protected from damage

 

 

 

DO move built up ULD on dollies or racking equipped with rollers/ball mats

 

 

DO secure ULD against horizontal and vertical movement by engaging all locks/stoppers

 

 

DO transport ULD on dollies within speed limits

 

 

DO set up dolly trains so ULD with overhangs do not contact other ULD or fixed objects

 

DO pay special attention to securing ULD when transporting on road vehicles

 

 

 

DO secure ULD by the base

 

 

DO fit any additional restraint without damage to the ULD

 

DO build up and break down ULD using sufficient care and attention

 

 

 

DO take care of the ULD

 

 

DO secure container door(s) in open position

 

 

DO place the empty ULD on a level roller deck/ball mat

 

 

DO place plastic sheeting on ULD base before loading cargo

 

 

Do place heavy items in the centre and low down

 

 

DO build up cargo in a stable and interlocking manner

 

 

DO build overhanging loads in a stable manner

 

 

DO place cargo so that it does not block the edge rails of a pallet or the closed door of a container

 

 

DO place plastic sheeting over the load before installing the pallet net

 

DO close doors/apply net correctly

 

 

 

DO completely close container door(s) and engage all locking devices fully

 

 

DO ensure closed door is within ULD contour

 

 

DO attach pallet net to pallet using all fittings spaced equally along the pallet sides

 

 

DO place the net evenly over the load

 

 

DO gather excess netting using reefing hooks

 

 

DO close corners using only original OEM lashing devices

 

 

DO apply only sufficient tension to hold the net securely in place around the load

 

 

DO secure all loose ends of netting/straps

 

DO attach ULD Tag

 

 

DO break down ULD using sufficient care and attention

 

 

 

DO take care of the ULD

 

 

DO secure doors in open position

 

 

DO remove straps and loose pallet  nets and place in secure storage

 

 

DO place permanently attached nets towards centre of pallet

 

 

DO remove any loose items, spreader boards, plastic sheet

 

 

DO inspect ULD for damage before placing in storage

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